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Time-Off Primer

Use the information in this topic to learn how WFM processes time off and how to configure it to suit the needs of your workforce and contact center. For more information about the Time Off feature, see the Workforce Management Web for Supervisors Help and Workforce Management Web for Agents Help.

Time-Off Types and Time-Off Rules

You must understand the basics of the time-off features in WFM to use them correctly and efficiently. Before you can use time off, you must configure time-off types and time-off rules.

Time-Off Types

Time-off types are probably the simpler of the two objects, because each one is simply a container. You add time off to, or remove time off from, each container. You can create and arbitrarily name an unlimited number of time-off types.

You create time-off types for each individual site. You can use time off to track an agent request or maintain a balance of requests on a regular basis. Time-off types include vacation, personal time off, flexible time off, paid sick days, floating holidays, and more.

Time-Off Rules

You can configure a time-off rule for a one or multiple time-off types. When you configure multiple time-off types for the same rule, the time-off balance is calculated and accrued for all time-off types associated with that rule. This configuration enables multiple time-off types to share the same time-off balance.

Time-off rules define:

  • The rate at which time off is accumulated for an agent, and how and when an agent can request time off.
  • Whether or not a time-off request will be manually approved, or auto-approved by the WFM system.

You assign time-off type/time-off rule combinations to agents by using the Configuration > Agents > Time Off or Policies > Time-Off Rules > Assignments pane in WFM Web for Supervisors.

Time-off types are configured on a per site basis. Therefore, if an agent has outstanding time-off requests and is moved to a different site, the requests are hidden, because WFM tracks them only at the initial site. The default time-off type Vacation is the only exception. Vacation is considered valid for all sites in the system, and time-off requests for vacation are retained in the system even after the agent moves from site-to-site. In addition, WFM recalculates the agent's time-off balance(s) when the agent moves from one site to another, based on the change in time-off rules. Moving an agent to a different site does not affect his/her time-off status.

WM 812 Rel TOT TOR Ants.png
Figure: Relationship Between Time-Off Types, Time-Off Rules, and the Agents Assigned to Them

Notes About the Figure Above

  • Agents are assigned to time-off rules, not directly to time-off types.
  • The association of time-off rules to time-off types is many-to-one, because for a single time-off type (for example, personal time off), different agents might be given this type of time off at different rates—perhaps based on seniority. For example, you might want requests from a certain type of agent for paid sick days to be auto-granted by the system, but for another type of agent you might want the same requests to be manually reviewed.
  • When you create a time-off rule, you define whether it is a rule of the type award (a fixed number of hours) or accrual (a number of hours that accumulates during the year). In the figure below, Floating Holiday time off is awarded and Personal Time Off is accrued. Compensation Time can be either awarded or accrued, depending on an Agent's assigned time-off rule.

WM 812 Awrd Accr TO.png
Figure: Awarded versus Accrued Time Off

Notes About the Figure Above

  • An agent can be assigned to mulitiple time-off rules.
    Example 1: Jun Woo has three time-off rules assigned to him. One rule defines how he will be awarded a Floating Holiday each year and when he can use that time off. The second rule defines the rate at which he will accrue Personal Time Off, how much balance he can have, and when he can use it. The third rule defines how he will be awarded Compensation Time each year.
  • Not all agents need to be assigned to a rule for each time-off type.
    Example 2: John Smith has a Floating Holiday award rule and a Personal Time Off accrual rule. However, he has no time-off rule defining how he can accrue or be awarded Compensation Time. Therefore, he will have no balance of this time-off type and will not be able to request it.

Exception Used as Time Off

When you configure an exception type in WFM Web, you can use the option Exception is used as Time Off to designate the exception as time off. This is a legacy feature from earlier versions of WFM, which supported only one type of time off. WFM now supports an unlimited number of time-off types, which means agents and supervisors can request both full-day and partial-day time off. Therefore, Genesys recommends that you do not use exceptions to represent time off.

When Time-Off Types No Longer Apply

A combo box in the upper-left corner of an agent’s Time-Off Planner displays all the time-off types that are configured for that agent’s site. Some of these might not relevant for the agent. (Agents are assigned to time-off rules, which in turn are associated with time-off types.)

An agent can create, edit, delete, or recall time-off requests only for those types correspond to a time-off rule that is assigned to that agent. Therefore, an agent might be able to view time-off types corresponding to time-off rules are no longer assigned to him or her. The agent can see these “old” time-off types, but he or she cannot interact with them. They appear below the Others legend in the combo box.

WM 812 TimeOffBalance760 drpdwn.png
Figure: Time-Off Types Combo Box

Time-off types that the agent can use appear above the Others legend.

WFM enables an agent to select a time-off type from below the Others legend in the combo box; however, the agent cannot perform any functions with it (such as requesting time off or viewing his or her time-off balance).

Time-Off Limits

Before giving your agents the ability to request time off, you should configure time-off limits. To do so, use the Calendar module in WFM Web Supervisor.

If you have the correct permissions, you can configure the maximum number of agents who can take time off for each 15-minute interval of each calendar day.

For example, you could configure that from midnight to 8 a.m. on March 3, 2007, 5 agents can be allowed to take time off, whereas from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m., only 3 agents can be take time off. You can set time-off limits either for an absolute number of agents, or for a maximum percentage of agents.

Additionally, you can set time-off limits at three levels: Site, Team, and Activity.

You can set different time-off limits for different time-off types.

Time-Off Request and Approval Process

There are two different processes for scheduling time off for agents. The process that is used depends on whether the user is planning for a future schedule period (see Planning for Time Off in the Future) or working within a schedule period that is already published to the Master Schedule (see Planning for Time Off for the Current Schedule Period).

Planning for Time Off in the Future

For future time periods (schedule days that are not yet published to the Master Schedule), the process works as shown in the figure below.

WM 812 FutureSchedPeriodsProcess.png
Figure: Future Time Periods Process

The Time-Off Planner (in WFM Web for Agents) and the Calendar (in WFM Web for Supervisors) are really two different ways to input the same information. The Time-Off Planner is the agent’s method of entering Calendar items. It allows the agent to enter time off, but that is all.

The Web for Supervisors Calendar module has much more power: the supervisor can enter all types of Calendar items, including shifts, working hours, exceptions, days off, and time off.

Both of these schedule-building input tools have the same result: the time-off items are recorded in the WFM Calendar.

Granted Time Off versus Preferred Time Off

When building a schedule scenario, WFM considers only time-off items that have Granted status. It does not include time-off items with Preferred status.

WFM enables a supervisor to consider agent preferences when building schedules. These preferences include: day off, availability, and shift preferences; but not time-off preferences.

Time-Off Items in the Calendar Hierarchy

When you enter multiple types of Calendar items for the same agent on the same day, WFM uses its internal hierarchy to resolve their status:

  • Example 1: Full-Day Time Off versus Rotating Schedule Day In—An agent is assigned a Rotating Pattern for the week starting September 17, 2006, and for the date of September 19 his Rotating Pattern assignment states he should be on a Day In. But a supervisor grants full-day time off for September 19. Now, the agent has two conflicting Calendar items for the same day: a working day according to the Rotating Pattern assignment, and a full-day time off according to the Calendar. The Calendar hierarchy specifies that the full-day time-off item should be granted and this should cause the Rotating Pattern assignment for that day to be declined. The statuses are reflected in the Calendar and the supervisor can read the reasons there. Some items in the Calendar do have a higher priority than full-day time-off items.
  • Example 2: Full-Day Exception versus Full-Day Time Off—A full-day exception is granted for an agent in the Calendar for the same day as a full-day time off. The Calendar hierarchy specifies that the full-day exception should take priority and the full-fay time-off item should be declined.

The hierarchy of the WFM Calendar is described in the Workforce Management Web for Supervisors Help. See Calendar Items.

Using the Calendar to Understand the Status of Time-Off Items

You can view the actual status of any item in the Calendar; a status of Granted, Preferred, or Declined confirms that no schedule has been published for this agent for this date. In a built and published schedule, the actual status of an item will be either Scheduled or Not Scheduled. If a Calendar item was not scheduled, you can view a Reason field that describes why it was not scheduled (in the Reason column).

Planning for Time Off for the Current Schedule Period

To enter agent time-off items for days that are already published to the Master Schedule, use either of these methods:

  1. Enter time off directly into the Master Schedule.
    Agents can view this time-off entry in their schedule by logging in to the WFM Web for Agents application. They can also see any changes to their time-off balance in WFM Web for Agents' Time-Off Planner and they can see that time off for this day is scheduled, when they view their Time-Off Planner. However, no entry for this time off will be made in the WFM Calendar, because it is a planning tool and is meant for entering items, such as exceptions, time off, days off, etc., that are considered when WFM builds a schedule scenario.
  2. Enter the granted time-off request into the WFM Calendar.
  3. Click Update Schedule.

WFM has now automatically updated the Master Schedule with the agent's Granted time off.

Using Update Schedule from within the Calendar updates the Master Schedule from the Calendar for the agent's time-off request, which streamlines the review and approval process and eliminates the need to manually rebuild the schedule.

From within the Calendar module, users can update the Master Schedule with Granted time-off items for any agent on any date for which the agent has a schedule published, and the time-off request is compatible with the agent's existing schedule. For more details, see Calendar Items and Update Schedule Options in the WFM Web for Supervisors Help.

Agent Time-Off Planner

Agents request time off and see the status of these requests in the WFM Web for Agents Time-Off Planner. If you do not want your agents to have access to the Time-Off Planner, you can disable this through the Time-Off Planner Enabled setting. In Genesys Administrator, find your WFM Web Application object, open Options > AgentTimeOff, and set the variable AllowTimeOffPlanner to false.

Time-Off Balance in Agent’s Time-Off Planner

The Time-Off Planner displays the balances for an agent's time off, in this way: the agent selects a time-off type and clicks on a date in the yearly planning calendar to view balances for that type, up to that date.

The agent can also view the types of time-off hours prior to the selected date: already Granted, Preferred, Declined and Scheduled, Bonus, Advance, and Carried-Over.

When an agent’s time-off rule is changed, his time off is recalculated, based on the new rules. For example:

  • If a time-off rule is assigned to an agent and you change any of the rule's properties.
  • If a time-off rule is assigned to an agent and you use the Time Off tab under Configuration > Organization > Agents > Properties to change the rule.
  • If a time-off rule is assigned to an agent and you use the Assignments tab under Policies > Time-Off Rules > Properties to remove the assignment.

In each case, the user is asked to approve the calculation before it is performed.

Moving to a different site can affect an agent’s time-off balance. An agent who moves to a different site might appear to lose a portion of her existing time-off balance, because WFM tracks that time off only at the old site. To preserve the time-off hours that the agent earned at the previous site, her supervisor must enter these hours as a bonus to the new Agent Rule under the new site. For details, see Time-Off Bonuses in the WFM Web for Supervisors Help.

Recalling Time-Off Requests

An agent can recall a time-off request that is in Preferred or Granted status, as long as the time-off item has not been scheduled. See Recalling time-off requests in the Workforce Management Agent Help.

After an agent’s time-off request has been granted, scheduled, and published to the Master Schedule, the agent cannot recall the time off. Only the supervisor can do that, by manually changing the agent’s schedule for that date, through the Master Schedule; and only the supervisor can schedule a different activity for the agent for that date, in lieu of the time off.

Wait-Listed Time-Off Requests

When an agent makes a time-off request, he can optionally ask for it to be wait-listed. (See step 7 in Requesting Time Off: If you want your request to be wait-listed, click the Wait-list check box in the Workforce Management Web for Agents Help.)

Wait-listing means that if a time-off request is denied because the time-off limits have been reached, the request stays in a Preferred status in case an opening becomes available. The request could eventually be granted by a supervisor, although this is not guaranteed.

In detail, this means that if the time-off request would be declined because the time-off limits have already been reached, wait listing gives it a Preferred status. If some time-off slots become available for certain dates due to cancellations, or if the supervisor decides to raise the time-off limits for a certain date, the supervisor can review all of these Preferred time-off items in the Calendar and grant some of them. There is a field in the Calendar which displays the date and time that the agent or supervisor submitted each time-off item, to help the supervisor manage the wait list. Agents’ time-off requests are not pulled automatically from this wait list; these requests must be manually granted by the supervisor.

Viewing the Status of Time-Off Requests

Agents can view the status of any time-off request, for any calendar date, with some limitations. If an agent requests time off for a date on a schedule that is already been published to the Master Schedule:

  • This request will not be scheduled.
  • The agent can view the reason it was not scheduled, in the Reason column.
  • The request, with the same status and reason, will appear in the WFM Calendar, where supervisors can see it.

However, the supervisor will not know to look for the request unless the agent tells him to look for it. Therefore, if an agent sees time-off requests with status Not Scheduled in the Time-Off Planner, she should alert her supervisor.

The supervisor can then do one of two things:

  1. Grant the time off through the WFM Calendar and rebuild/republish the agent’s schedule for the affected date(s).
  2. Manually add the time off to the Master Schedule.

The Time-Off Planner gives agents a limited view into their time-off status in the WFM Calendar. Therefore, when a supervisor adds or deletes time off in the WFM Calendar, he must rebuild and republish the schedule for the affected date(s).


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This page was last modified on August 28, 2018, at 08:00.